ALAI's membership brings together eminent copyright scholars, creators and practitioners who represent the interests of authors or their partners. The Association also includes magistrates and senior officials who, in their scope of their work, deal with matters relating to literary and artistic property.

Numerous countries are represented within ALAI. If there are over seven individual members in a country, the Association will recommend the creation of a national group which broadens the scope of ALAI's activities through work on internal issues.

ALAI is administered by an Executive Committee composed of representatives of national groups and of co-opted members. The Executive Committee's decisions are carried out by a board composed of a President, six Vice-Presidents of different nationalities, a Secretary General and a Treasurer.

ALAI members meet in General Assembly at its annual congresses and study days.